Monday, September 17, 2012

1861 Slave Map of Dallas County, Arkansas

This is a portion of a map made in September of 1861, showing the number of slaves within the Southern States, based upon the1860 US Census. This map was created by the U.S. Coast Survey, the predecessor organization of the current National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), for President Abraham Lincoln to assist him during the Civil War. The full map and the history behind it, can be found here.

Map entitled “Map showing the distribution of the slave population of the southern states and the United States” was created in September 1861 based on statistics from the eighth Census,
My family has been in Dallas County, Arkansas; since before it's creation in 1845. They were the ones who worked to clear the area for the newly settling population. Some fifteen years later in 1860, the Census enumerates them only by age and color, under the name of the slave holder, leaving you to wonder who each of these persons were.
According to the 1860 US Census, the State of Arkansas had a population of 435,427; with 324,323 Free persons, and 111,104 persons considered a Slaves or 25.5% of the population were slaves by the start of the Civil War in 1861.

Also from the Map entitled “Map showing the distribution of the slave population of the southern states and the United States” was created in September 1861 based on statistics from the eighth Census.
The figures on each of the counties in the map, represent the percentage of slaves per every 100 inhabitants of that county. According to the map, 42.2% of the population of Dallas County, Arkansas were slaves in 1860.
I admit that I haven't done much research on the time period before 1870, but looking at this map and the 1860 Slave Schedules, leads me to believe I need to do some additional research to locate more information on who these slave persons were, and on the slave holding families. Here is a list of the persons with slaves, who were living in Smith Township, Dallas County, Arkansas during the 1860 US Census; (taken from Ancestry.com. 1860 U.S. Federal Census - Slave Schedules [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2010.
Original data: United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Eighth Census of the United States, 1860. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1860. M653, 1,438 rolls.):
  • W. L. Somerville
  • Tyre H. Brown
  • B. M. Smith
  • Peyton M. Bass
  • E. B. Williams
  • Thos J. Reed
  • A.R. Banks
  • Jas T. Stenerson
  • Nat G. Smith *
  • Berry Watson
  • Elizabeth Eaton
  • E. H. Eaton
  • H. Mattock
  • May Thasher
  • Josaphen Thasher
  • Nat R. Tunstall
  • H. N. Nunn
  •  B. J. Bordell
  • Geo D. Alexander
  • H. L. Taylor
  • John S. Cheatham
  • Naomi Nix
  • Mary Harville
  • Barabara Nix
  • R. Vanderslice
  • Asbury Thompson
  • Henry Hunter
  • Hector McNeil
  • John B. Phillips
  • Ellen Neeley
  • Jesse McAlester
  • John A. Rupell
  • Maurice Smith *
  • Elizabeth Barber
  • Thas J. B. Neeley
  • B. F. Baird
  • W. L. Baird
  • W. A. Young
  • Madison Badgett
  • George Wilson
  • Alex Wilson
  • E. H. Green
  • Alex Butler
  • Albert G. Butler
  • John Gibson
  • W. C. Ballard
  • L. D. Cooper
  • Wm L. Pattillo *
  • W N Smith *
  • Sallie W. Smith *
  • Samuel A. Smith *
  • F. H. Smith
  • N. H. Hunter
  • Samuel W. Smith *
  • Wm Smith *
  • Jas S. Pattillo *
  • O. Wilder
  • William Dyer
  • Sanford Reamy
  • W. A. Lea
  • John N. Amis
  • Howell L. Taylor
* Person known to have a connection with my family post Civil War, which leads me to believe they were the slave holding family before the Civil War.

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